How Long Was The Boxing Day Fault? (Question)

The 2004 quake ruptured a 900-mile stretch along the Indian and Australian plates 31 miles below the ocean floor. Rather than delivering one violent jolt, the quake lasted an unrelenting 10 minutes, releasing as much pent-up power as several thousand atomic bombs.

Where did the Boxing Day earthquake occur?

  • As is typical in a subduction zone earthquake, on Boxing Day the seafloor rose near the plate boundary and subsided 100–200 kilometres landward of the boundary (see figure 1 of the September 2004 article).

How long did the Boxing Day earthquake last?

The earthquake was the third-largest ever recorded, the largest in the 21st century and had the longest duration of faulting ever observed, between eight and ten minutes.

How long did recovery take for the 2004 Boxing Day tsunami?

The results of these efforts are remarkable. Within five years, individuals were back in homes they owned, often on their original land, in communities with new schools and in many cases improved infrastructure.

Which type of fault caused the great Boxing Day earthquake?

Details of Tsunami Generation. The tsunami from the 2004 M=9.1 Sumatra-Andaman earthquake was primarily caused by vertical displacement of the seafloor, in response to slip on the inter-plate thrust fault (see Tectonics section above).

What caused the 2004 Boxing Day earthquake?

It was the result of the Indio-Australian Plate subducting below the Eurasian Plate. It was caused by an earthquake measuring more than magnitude 9. The earthquake caused the seafloor to uplift, displacing the seawater above.

How far did the Boxing Day tsunami travel?

The Indian Ocean tsunami traveled as far as 3,000 miles to Africa and still arrived with sufficient force to kill people and destroy property. Many people in Indonesia reported that they saw animals fleeing for high ground minutes before the tsunami arrived – very few animal bodies were found afterward.

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How much did the Boxing Day tsunami cost?

The Boxing Day tsunami of 2004 is the deadliest and most destructive tsunami in recorded history, claiming the lives of over 230,000 people in 14 different countries and damaging over 14 billion US dollars worth of property.

How much did it cost to rebuild after the 2004 tsunami?

The disaster generated a massive aid and reconstruction program, with around 463 non-government organisations and agencies spending around $7.5 billion. This made post-tsunami Aceh one of the largest reconstruction projects in the developing world. Australian donors and the government gave more than $1 billion.

How many were left homeless after the Boxing Day tsunami?

The Boxing Day Tsunami caused an estimation of 230,000 deaths and left 1.7 million people homeless ( (Worldvision 2021). In northern Sumatra, the epicenter of the event, 1,500 villages were destroyed. Over 5 million people were injured and needed emergency aid, food, and water.

What was the worst tsunami ever?

The most devastating and deadliest tsunami was one in the Indian Ocean on Boxing Day, 2004. The tsunami was the most lethal ever to have occurred, with a death toll that reached a staggering figure of over 230,000, affecting people in 14 countries – with Indonesia hit worst, followed by Sri Lanka, India, and Thailand.

How long did the 2004 earthquake last?

The 2004 quake ruptured a 900-mile stretch along the Indian and Australian plates 31 miles below the ocean floor. Rather than delivering one violent jolt, the quake lasted an unrelenting 10 minutes, releasing as much pent-up power as several thousand atomic bombs.

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How tall were the largest waves that struck the coastlines?

Some locations reported that the waves had reached a height of 30 feet (9 metres) or more when they hit the shoreline. The tsunami killed at least 225,000 people across a dozen countries, with Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Maldives, and Thailand sustaining massive damage.

How many people died in the Boxing Day?

275,000 people were killed in fourteen countries across two continents, with the last two fatalities being swept out to sea in South Africa, more than twelve hours after the earthquake.

How many families survived the 2004 tsunami?

Miraculously, all five family members survived. After being swept away, Belón managed to locate her son, Lucas, and grab onto a tree trunk.

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